Another study on groundwater in the Southern Tier of New York was recently completed by researchers from Cornell University. The study looked at 113 water well samples in Chenango County, New York during the spring of 2012. Like many of the other groundwater studies completed in both New York and Pennsylvania, the study found naturally occurring methane in the groundwater.
The study looked to establish a baseline for groundwater quality in the region prior to any shale development coming into the state. It also tracked the origin of methane and looked to see if it correlated with existing conventional wells in the region. Researchers found that there was no link, stating:
“Statistical comparison of methane concentration and δ13C-CH4 using the Mann–Whitney non-parametric test indicated no significant difference (p = 0.29; p = 0.48) ( Fig. 4a and e) between the distribution of samples less than 1 km (n = 8) and greater than 1 km (n = 105) from an existing natural gas well.”
“When examining possible environmental drivers of the methane patterns, methane was not significantly correlated to proximity to gas wells.”
Here are some additional findings from the study:
- 31 water wells exceeded the Environmental Protection Agency Secondary Maximum Contaminant Level for manganese.
- 1 water well exceeded the Environmental Protection Agency Secondary Maximum Contaminant Level for Chloride.
- 1 water well exceeded the Environmental Protection Agency Maximum Contaminant Level for barium.
- 63 of the water wells had low amounts of methane concentrations, which fell under 0.01 mg L.
Findings on naturally occurring barium are important because the presence of barium is often mistakenly assumed to be from contamination from oil and gas development. This study is the latest in a string of studies that have shown high levels of barium and other naturally occurring minerals prior to any development.
Groundwater tests in New York and across the border in Pennsylvania are important in establishing a baseline for water quality in the region. It has also given landowners a look at the existing water quality issues they’ve had without even knowing. For example, a groundwater study in Pike County, Pennsylvania revealed naturally occurring methane in several water wells. What’s interesting about Pike County is that, like New York State, it too has a moratorium on shale development.